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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 11, 2013 2:30pm-3:00pm PST

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america." the u.s. and afghan president meet to chart the future of america's mission. >> by the end of next year, 2014, the transition will be complete. afghans will have full responsibility for their security and this war will come to where responsible end. >> joining the fight in mali, french troops aiding in a battle against islamist rebels. and three years after disaster struck in haiti, one journalist to was there that they tells us about the long road to recovery. -- one journalist who was there that day tells us about the long road to recovery. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. more than 10 years, u.s. forces have been at war in afghanistan,
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but today the leaders of both countries stood side by side in washington to announce that they are accelerating the all important and over. by this spring, afghan security forces are expected to take the lead across the country, with u.s. troops shifting fully to a support role. >> this is america's longest war. forged from the attacks on the york and washington, launched across the desert and mountains of afghanistan. a fight against al qaeda that soon became a war against a virulent insurgency. now more than 10 years since it began, the mission is about to end. it is the job of these two men to chart how that happens and what comes next in afghanistan. >> let me say this as plain as i can. starting this spring, our troops
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will have a different mission, train, advising, assisting afghan forces. afghans will have full responsibility for their security and this war will come to irresponsible and. -- will come to a responsible end. >> i bring the news of afghanistan standing shoulder to shoulder with america as a sovereign, independent country. >> the u.n. mandate in afghanistan runs out in two years' time. thousands of troops have already been brought home, many more will follow. both countries know there will still be work to do beyond 2014. america has said it might pull all its troops out, but that is not likely. anything between 3000 and 9000 are expected to stay on.
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the afghan government is looking for military supplies and control over operations. america wants to continue the hunt against al qaeda and the well-trained capable army. despite the billions spent and the thousands of lives lost, the taliban has not been defeated. some say at the america pulls out too quickly, it will be trade promises made and leave afghanistan vulnerable. >> it will be difficult to engage down the road if there is a large al qaeda return or the taliban takes over the country, to get the afghanistan's to trust us when we say we will be there to help you. >> america described it as the final chapter in afghanistan. president obama downsized out of the ambitions, winding down the war that is increasingly unpopular at home. this is not the final chapter. that is just that americans have grown wary about spending the money and spilling the blood.
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for more on the future of the u.s. mission, i spoke a short time ago with the former u.s. ambassador to afghanistan. ambassador, thank you very much for coming in. president obama says that things are going so well he can actually speed up the transition. are the afghan security forces really ready to take over in the spring or is this more a matter of expediency for both countries? >> i think this has been a good summit reaching compromises of the two leaders and it is a good foundation for moving forward, but there are a lot of details to still be worked out to see whether some of the assumptions made, how they will pan out in reality. one of those is the performance of the afghan security forces as they take the lead overall and
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the country and the u.s. moves to a support role. it is good to keep a large number of u.s. forces because during the lead up, the u.s. can it come to the aid of the afghans and carry out operations. after 2014, when the u.s. combat role and completely, when the afghans tape go on the overall responsibility, but for now at least between 2013 spring at the end of 2014, with the significant force, the u.s. can come to the gate of afghan forces. it is good they are being tested at a time when he was will have significant forces there. >> what happens after 2014? president karzai said he would probably be on board for granting any troops to stay there, but how many troops should stay? >> again, that was a success, the foundation for a post-2014.
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there are a lot of questions as to the numbers. it depends, obviously, on the mission. the larger the force, the more it will be able to do, not only in terms of training the afghans but being able to counter terror operations in the region and deal with other unforeseen contingencies, but i think our countervailing pressures domestically in the u.s. that president obama is facing to reduce the force to a smaller force to be up to bring more folks in and lower the cost, but that is a risk they may not be up to carry out. the various missions that still need to be carried out. >> one of those unforeseen circumstances for many americans might be the involvement of the taliban, one of the reasons they went and to get rid of the taliban, and now they could be -- how powerful are they?
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>> if they join the political process at except the afghan constitution and agree that political change will come through political means, that will be a success because that is what the u.s. and afghans have been speaking -- have been seeking. but if they come in seeking to change the political system, the constitution by force of arms, then the afghan forces will be tested in a big way, and one does not know which way the taliban will go. certainly, one has to hope for reconciliation, but one has to also be prepared that they might think that time is on their side and they may not reconcile. >> the chances of a free and fair election next year? >> a very important, because that is an important milestone and that will shape that. i think president karzai is committed to that, and the
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military approach has to be that happens. >> ambassador, thank you very much. >> nice to be with you. french troops are fighting in mali tonight. they have been sent there by the french president to help government forces take on islamic rebels linked to al qaeda. french president warned that if malia falls, it would pose a threat to africa and europe. andrew harding has more details. >> the art islamist rebels that have prompted france to wade into another african war. the rebels emerged from the sahara to seize the northern half of mali. then they began a new surprise offensive and paris sent in troops. >> mali has been confronted by terrorist elements from the north. the brutality of whom it entire
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world is aware of. that >> the french have intervened to years ago to end the civil war on the neighboring ivory coast, another former colony, but molly will be a tougher challenge. the fighters are holding french citizens hostage somewhere in the vast northern desert. then the mali army and government are both close to collapse. today, a senior general welcomed the french help and said nigeria and other african countries were also sending troops. but it could take months before any of them are ready for a full-scale offensive against the rebels. in the meantime, this warning from an al qaeda-linked islamist leader in mali. >> i tell them, if you want peace and security in your
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country, you are welcome. if you want war, we will execute your vows and grace altera will be transformed into a cemetery for your soldiers and your money -- we will execute and the great sahara will be transformed into a cemetery for your soldiers and your army. >> there is a real danger. a new afghanistan taking shape on the harsh fringes of the sahara. some other news from around the world. venezuela was vice-president is traveling to cuba to visit ailing president hugo chavez, who has been receiving cancer treatment and fighting a severe respiratory infection following surgery. he has not been seen since before his last operation in december. thursday, he missed the swearing-in of his third term as leader. shia muslims are refusing to bury the victims of thursday's
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bombing unless the army guarantees their safety from sectarian attacks. more than 80 people were killed and dozens injured in attacks on a crowded street in a shia area. protests in sri lanka following the parliament vote to impeach the chief justice of the country. the vote disregards the supreme court ruling that such action would not be legal. international rights groups have called it an assault on judicial independence. the king of saudi arabia has appointed 30 women to the previously all-male council. the council is the most influential political body in the country and its members are put in place by the kaine, who took the decision to appoint women after consulting various leaders. a british tv presenter spent every minute of every working day thinking about sex abuse. that is the conclusion of the
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police in the u.k. to have for the first time revealed the extent of the crimes of jimmy savile. they accuse him of carrying out more than 200 assaults over 50 years, including 34 rapes. thatthe bbc says that it is appalled that some of the attacks have been carried out on its premises and has apologized. >> jimmy savile, a predatory sex offender. the police have received accounts from hundreds of people that give the clearest picture of his crimes. >> it is clear that their testimony when taken together is compelling that he was a predatory sex offender across the whole of the u.k. it could be said that he groomed the nation. he was hiding in plain sight, yet none of us were able to do anything about it.
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>> i see. >> he was the obvious choice to host a tv debate on teenagers and sex. when his days off, he was visiting places such as this, an approved school for girls. one of the girls that he met was 14 years old. it is a moment she is trying to forget. >> he forced me down backwards and pushed his weight on top of me. he put his tongue in my mouth. >> now 40 years on, she is one of many to a finally spoken to the police. the numbers are bewildering450 have come forward, 328 children, two under 14 crimes reported, 34 rapes, the youngest victim eight. it and on it goes. hundreds might have known
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something. did you worry about the consequence about what might happen next? >> there were suspicions. >> is he a pedophile? >> yes. >> but when women went to the police in 2007, no prosecution was brought. today, but they apologized. what did change things is when those women from done croft spoke on a tv documentary. it was hundreds upon hundreds to of come forward with their stories. it is not justice, but at least they have been heard. does this bring something to an end? does it help? >> i hope so. it helped me just to be able to
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finally be believed. it is not even telling the story, it is being believed. >> 14 offenses were in schools. you cannot prosecute a dead man, but perhaps this is the closest we will ever get to the truth. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, the dreamliner has a less than dreamy week. she is one of the most photographed women in the world, but now for the first time the duchess of cambridge has been captured in an official portrait. upon seeing the painting today, the duchess said it was amazing, but the public response has been more mixed. >> it was, we are told, kate's
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wish to be portraited naturally. and this is the result, a portrait and oil showing a smiling figure looking straight out of the canvas. this morning, qaeda arrived with william at the national portrait gallery to view the picture. she was shown it in private. she said it was amazing and brilliant. willman said what you would expect a loyal husband to say, absolutely beautiful. the picture is the result of six months' work by the artist paul kensley. after just two sittings with the duchess, he worked with photographs to produce the painting. initially she was not going to be smiling, but then the artist was told to produce the portrait that goes on display today. one leading art critic is less
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sure as to whether the portrait works. >> something does not quite match about the face. the top is not smiling, but the mouth, it is a loose, have smiled. it is kind of a mismatch. when you get very, very close, the duchess looks older than she is. >> for kate, approximately three months pregnant now, it is a portrait that tries to capture a young woman entering royal life. when you name something the dreamliner, expectations are bound to be high. right now, the boeing 787 is not exactly living the dream. it instead after years of delays, the most technologically advanced airliner has hit some bumps.
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monday, a fire ignited on board the airplane in boston, and there's been an oily, problems with the brake system, and a cracked a cockpit window. today it was announced the faa would review the airplane, but the authorities stress their belief in its safety. are these just bumps to the road or part of a big problem? joining me earlier, i spoke with paul, who is an expert in aviation. thank you very much for coming in. there is a mixed message from the u.s. regulators. they say the airplane is safe, but they are reviewing its safety. what do you make of that? >> i think the faa wants to assure the public this airplane has met the standards. they're putting together a team to look at it. none of these events look
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connected. any new aircraft faces these kinds of problems often. when the 777 was introduced, it had problems. it has flown 17 years without a fatality. the 1-380 had cracks in its wings, a very serious on contained engine failure. it is starting to look like a great airplane. new complex structures have problems. >> how we know these are beginning problems and not part of a bigger problem? >> we have to trust the system, and the united states has a very good track record in the introduction of airplanes. i looked it up today, there are almost a quarter million hours of faa supervision of this airplane as it was in the production line. boeing does not want to make any other manufacturer, they did not want to make an investment of hundreds of millions of dollars and see it questioned. i think the review is good.
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>> this airplane it relies almost exclusively on electrical signals. has this technology been tested anywhere else? >> it has not been tested anywhere else to the degree as it occurs in this airplane, but it went through a very rigorous certification process. because it uses i think they say five times electrical power than any previous airplane, it will watch it very carefully. these lithium ion batteries, like the one that caught fire in boston, is a concern. the ntsb is looking at that very carefully because they could be tough customers. >> the markets are already unhappy. how big of a problem is this for boeing? >> it is a bump in the road. but if they come up with another problem, they will take another hit, probably a tougher one. haiti, tomorrow marks three
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years since a powerful earthquake devastated the country. more than 200,000 people were killed, many more are still living in tent cities. jonathan was there on that fateful day and has written a book documenting the struggle to recover. >> i heard this rumbling outside, and then the bed began to shake and the floor began to shake and the whole house started falling down around me. my name is jonathan katz. i was the associated press correspondent in haiti from 2007 to 2011, which included the afternoon of january 122010, when at 4:53 in the afternoon a massive earthquake struck and destroyed most of the country's capital, including the house that i was in. i have written a book about how
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the world came to save haiti and left behind. it is the story of what really happened on january 12, 2010, the earthquake, and over the extremely flawed response that followed. a frank answer it has not gone well. there was a feeling after the earthquake that a lot of help was coming. a lot of it was very visible. a military airplanes in the sky, boats in the harbor, trucks appearing in the street carrying all kinds of aide. the phrase that bill clinton used was to build back better, and it is obvious to anybody on the ground in haiti right now that did not happen. there has been barely any building back. what has been built back is certainly not better, and most
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people are having a harder time than before. all evidence shows that the cholera epidemic was brought to haiti by the united nations workers. after the earthquake, one of the major goals that responder set for themselves, one of the major justifications for the response was to prevent the outbreak of disease. the irony is that after all of this noise, all of this panic about the coming academic, the epidemic that was feared was actually caused by the responders themselves and had absolutely no relation to the earthquake whatsoever. one of the major themes of the book is really this question that no matter how hard we try, we often it and up producing
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discussions about 80 and international aid of us and them. it is a destructive way of thinking. the nice thing about the humanitarian crisis, as opposed to say a war, is that ultimately pretty much everybody wants the same thing. in the long run, we will see opportunities for improvement and we will realize this is an optimistic story. >> jonathan katz, on the challenges that remain in haiti. that brings today's program to which close, but find constant updates on our website. to see what we are working on any time, check facebook. for all of us here, thank you for watching. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe,
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vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, zte, and union bank. >> bringing you closer -- zte. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries.
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what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: president obama and afghan president karzai announced today that u.s. troops in afghanistan would shift away from a combat role this spring. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> brown: and i'm jeffrey brown. on the newshour tonight, we look at the changing u.s.-afghanistan relationship after 11 years of war against al qaeda and the taliban with an endgame in sight. >> woodruff: then, margaret warner looks into the faa's decision to review boeing's troubled 787 dreamliner. >> brown: ray suarez talks with "washington post" reporter cecilia kang, who walks us through the high-tech offerings at this year's consumer electronics show. >> samsung came up with a very interesting 5.5 inch flexible screen that kind of makes you imagine all kinds of possibilities


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